Scoliosis is the most common abnormal curvature of the spine. It is most common in adolescent females.
Scoliosis is a genetic condition that frequently runs in families. Small curves usually cause no pain. The curve is commonly in the upper back. The patient may have one hip higher than the other, and frequently one shoulder blade appears more prominent than the other.
Symptoms and Signs
- One hip may be higher than the other
- One shoulder blade appears more prominent
- Small curves in the back; usually upper back
- Deformity in back
- Cork screwing effect from rotation
- There is no known cause for Scoliosis
- Scoliosis tends to run in families
Possible Treatment Options
As a first option, bracing is frequently prescribed. Back braces customized for the specific curvature of the patient's scoliosis are used to attempt to restrain the curve during the growth years.
Instrumentation and Fusion
If the patient's scoliotic curve meets certain criteria, a surgical procedure may be prescribed. Through the insertion of pedicle screws and hooks at various points in the spine in conjunction with rods, the spine is straightened. The rods are then locked in position and a bone graft is applied to create a fusion, to prevent further curve progression.
For more information on Scoliosis, visit Understand Spine Surgery.